EPC – All You Need To Know About theEnergy Performance Document


In 2007, the EPC was introduced in England as a part of HIP (Home Information Pack) for domestic properties. In 2010 the HIP requirement was removed, but the EPC retained its importance.

Today, Energy Performance Certificate is a mandatory document to be owned by the building authorities (domestic and commercial both) whenever the building is sold, rented or leased.

Difference between Domestic and Commercial EPC

There are actually 2 types of energy certificates. The energy certificate for dwellings (domestic property) is known as EPC(Energy Performance Certificate). This certificate is made available to owners, tenants or the buyer of the building so that they can have information regarding the energy efficiency of the building. This helps them to plan their energy bills accordingly.

EPC Register

The certificate for large buildings or institutions which are occupied by public is known as DEC(Display Energy Certificate). DEC is for buildings where the public is allowed to take the services offered by the building authorities. One example of public building is a hospital.

The difference between EPC and DEC is thatto produce a DEC the energy assessor must be well-versed with the quality and technicality of building in depth.

What Is The Format Of The Certificate?

The energy certificate comprises of a unique reference number, theaddress of the property, the type of property, total floor area under use. In addition to these, it also includes name of the energy assessor, date of inspection and the date of issuance of the certificate.

Along with these details, a chart is displayed showing the energy rating. The rating is done ona scale of A to G. A building with ‘A’ rating is considered as an energy efficient property with cost effective energy bills. Plus, an Advisory Report is attached with acertificate with a list of improvements to be made to make the building more energy efficient.

How Long Does It Take To Make The Certificate?

  • For domestic properties, it takes just a day. By the end of the day,you can get the report.
  • For commercial buildings, it might take a day or two to complete the procedure.

What If The Energy Certificate Is Not Made?

In case the owner fails to show the certificate at the time of property transaction, he is liable to a penalty of £500.

How to Get a Copy ofthe Certificate?

The energy document is stored safely in the EPC register. To get access to it, you can visit the EPC register website. You need to have the postcode or report reference number (RRN) to get a copy of it.The register for commercial and domestic properties is separate.